The Mausoleum of Cecilia Metella rises just beyond the Maxentius complex and is a funerary monument built in the years between 30 and 20 BC. for a Roman noblewoman, Cecilia Metella, of whom there is not much information except that given by the large funerary inscription on the upper part of the mausoleum: “CAECILIAE Q (UINTI) CRETICI F (ILIAE) METELLAE CRASSI”, or “A Cecilia Metella , daughter of Quintus Creticus (and wife) of Crassus “. The imposing and elegant monument, consisting of a high square concrete base, now devoid of its cladding in travertine blocks, rests on a cylindrical body of 30 meters in diameter, covered with travertine slabs cut into a false ashlar. The sepulcher recalls that of Augustus himself, only smaller and decorated in the upper part by a marble frieze with festoons and ox heads. The presence of these reliefs takes the name of “Capo di Bove” with which the area was known in the Middle Ages.
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