The Art of the Roman Mosaic

The art of Roman mosaic

Table of Contents

The Mosaic is one of the oldest expressions of decorative art, used for the first time to decorate the columns of temples with small colored terracotta tiles. The first mosaic panels made with marble tiles were found in the city of Ur and date back to around 2500 years ago.

The Cut Mosaic

The art of Roman mosaic

A mosaic composition is the result of the combination of tesserae (cubes of glass or stone) of various colors, obtained by cutting using tools such as the hammer and the cutting board, fixed to a wooden block, while to apply them we use tweezers.

The most modern techniques for creating a cut mosaic are two indirect and direct techniques. In the indirect technique, the cut tesserae are glued backwards on a paper support which can be a photocopy or a negative cast of the subject we want to represent. Then, the mosaic is turned over and applied with a mixture of glue and cement in a wooden container. Finally, the mosaic is tied and stuccoed between the tiles. In the direct technique, however, the already cut and measured tiles are inserted in a wooden box on a stucco base.

The Yarn Mosaic

The art of Roman mosaic

The technique of the spun mosaic, involves the fire spinning of the glazes to obtain multiple shades and various shapes of the tesserae. From here the minute and spun mosaics are born, this technique allows to produce tesserae in many colors and often less than a millimeter in size. To make a wand, called a display
case, we take several mothers dyed with glass glazes and put them in a crucible. Melting the glass paste with a flame and, when the dough is well blended, the display cases are spun with a fire tongs.

Daily workshops in Rome

The art of Roman mosaic

The daily workshop consists of a lesson of about 3 hours that will immerse you in the ancient and precious art of the Mosaic, during which you can create a special memory of Rome with your own hands.

The course is also suitable for minors, who will be able to unleash their creativity.

Mosaic Courses in Rome

The art of Roman mosaic

The Savelli Arte e Tradizione laboratory, in via Paolo VI 27 in Rome, adjacent to Piazza San Pietro, welcomes adults and children who want to learn the art of the muses through a mosaic course, whether cut, spun or daily workshops. You will be followed by a highly specialized teacher through the courses taught by Maestro Vincenzo Renzi at the Vatican Mosaic Studio.

F.A.Q. Roman Mosaic

Q. Where can I see the mosaics in Rome?

A. Many places such as the Basilica of San Pietro, the Basilica of Santa Prassede, the Basilica of Santa Maria in Trastevere, the Basilica of San Paolo outside the walls, are frescoed with clearly visible decorative mosaics.

Q. Where can I buy a mosaic?

A. Savelli Arte e Tradizione, in via Paolo VI 27-29 in Rome, has a vast gallery of mosaics, as it has a prestigious collection of minute Roman mosaics from the 1700s and 1800s.


Q. Are mosaic courses for everyone?

A. Certainly yes. Adults, adults of advanced age and children can give creativity to their ideas and relax in an ancient art such as mosaic.

Useful resources Roman mosaic


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